Candle Making – The Complete Guide for Beginners

Candle Making

Candles are works of art. Consumable, yes. However, while they are still standing and burning, it is a beauty to behold. Even a simple candle can transform a home and add a touch of unique ambience where there was none. It is no wonder why many people’s curiosity is sparked about how to make them.

Thankfully, there are different services being offered by brick and mortar establishments, online and written publications that can get you get started on candle making. One such resource that can help you immensely is Candle Making 4 You™. Everything that you thought was hard or impossible for you to know about making candles has been made easy to follow in this resource.

Have you ever wondered why candles never disappeared from the trend? They have been around and used for centuries and the process has remained more or less the same. Nowadays, you can get hold of resources, equipments and ingredients that are products of years and years of mastering the art of candle making.

There’s nothing that’s stopping you from entering into this venture. It can become a hobby or it can even become a business. How serious it is depends completely on you, but you’ll never know until you take the first step.

Candle Making Safety

Just like any project involving heat and equipments, safety is the key. You want to observe safety in candle making for a number of reasons. Some of them are:

It will keep you safe from accidents.

Believe it or not, accidents do happen. The best way to avoid them is to think ahead and prepare your workspace accordingly.

It will keep your home/factory safe from fires.

Fires happen in the process of candle making because you are working with flammable ingredients, especially wax and a heat source.

You will produce the best candles.

A candle made haphazardly is an accident waiting to happen. If you want to grow your customer base or have a loyal following, you need to follow safety precautions so that you create candles that work best and do not harm the end users.

You get to reap the rewards of your hard work.

At the end of the day, when your home is not burnt down, you are earning and your customers are happy with the candles that they are getting. Therefore, you are rewarded for your efforts.

As we talk about candle making safety, what are some of the precautions that you need to keep in mind and observe?

Have a prepared workspace

It’s best to have a designated workspace where you can position everything you need in a safe and reachable distance before starting the process of candle making. You don’t want to work in the living room when your heat source can be found in the kitchen as well.

Prepare your workspace

Spills happen when you’re working with liquids. In this case, you’d be working with molten wax, essential oils, candle dyes and candle fragrances. These have a tendency to spill and when they do, they can stain, sting or burn.

It’s best to cover your workspace with an old tablecloth or tarp. Make sure that you don a working apron or old overalls to protect your clothes from staining. Lastly, keep a heavy pot lid and extinguisher within safe reach.

A prepared workspace also means scheduling your candle making procedure when your children or pets are not going to disturb you. Having a family member over or a babysitter to keep an eye on them and entertain them would ensure that you won’t get disturbed and in turn cause a spill or accident.

Keep a right candle making thermometer ready

Hot wax would not boil to signal to you that it’s already hot. It would just continue to liquefy and then smoke when it’s too hot. You don’t want to reach this point because the vapor is flammable.

Use an electric heat source

To avoid any unwanted fires, you may want to use an electric heat source rather than an open flame from a stove. If your liquid wax gets too hot and produces vapor, any open flame that reaches the vapor would cause a fire.

Use a double boiler setup

A double boiler would help distribute the heat evenly on the wax that you are trying to melt. Do not attempt to melt wax directly on the stove.

Don’t leave your wax unattended

When you are melting wax, make sure that you are in your workspace. You don’t want to go to another room or answer a phone away from your workspace because it can be an accident waiting to happen. You want to keep an eye on your wax, measure its temperature and then take it off the heat source when the optimum temperature is reached.

Ingredients and Equipment Needed for Candle Making

You’ve read about preparing your workspace. However, what exactly do you need for a workspace dedicated for candle making? You may already have some of these at home. If not, it’s best to purchase needed materials from a candle supply store.

This way you can be assured that the equipment and ingredients that you are going to use are safe for the candle making process.

  • Double boiler – You don’t necessarily have to buy a double boiler. You can make do with two pots over the other for this. The bigger pot would hold the water, while the smaller pot (stainless steel or glass) would hold the wax that you are trying to melt.
  • Electric heat source – A single electric burner would do. If you have an electric stove top, that would do as well.
  • Thermometer – You need a thermometer for candle making. This would assure you that you are getting an accurate reading of your melting wax.
  • Glue gun or heat gun – The heat gun is double purpose equipment. It can melt glue that is needed to secure your wick and it can also heat up your candle containers. If you don’t have one, you can heat up your candle containers in an oven at the lowest settings and use a glue gun to secure your wicks.
  • Containers – You need a container that can withstand the temperature of a burning candle. There are containers that can break. You want to avoid this. Buying containers that are specifically manufactured for candle making is your best bet.
  • Wicks – There are different kinds of wicks depending on your needs. There are also pre-tabbed wicks that make the process of securing your wick at the bottom a lot easier and a lot more professional looking.
  • Wick holders – There are wick holders specifically designed for candle making but you can start off with a pencil, popsicle stick, chopstick or basically anything that can help you loop the wick over the lip of the container.
  • Molds – These are used for candles other than container candles.
  • Candle dye – Wax naturally comes out milky white. If you want your candles to have a different color or multiple colors, you’d need candle dye. There are cheap and ingenious ways to get color on your candles as well.
  • Candle fragrance or essential oils – Scented candles are more sought after these days because more and more people are interested in aromatherapy at home.
  • Embeds – If you want to decorate your candles or containers according to a specific occasion or simply want to make them prettier, you can use embeds. Your creativity would dictate what you choose as embeds. They can vary from seashells, flowers to glitters.
  • Wax – You can’t make a candle without wax. There is a variety of waxes to choose from including paraffin, soy wax, beeswax, gel wax and pre-blended wax of different formulation. Choose the type of wax that caters to the specific type of candle that you’re going to make.

Candle Making – Step by Step Process

Once you have gathered the ingredients and prepared them meticulously on your workspace, you are now ready to begin.

Step 1 – Melting your wax

This part is quite easy but you need to pay special attention to the temperature of your wax. You’re going to be melting a block of wax or wax flakes. If you have one whole block of wax with you, you want to break it into smaller cubes so that it melts faster.

A good rule of thumb while measuring the liquid output of a solid block of wax is this – 1 cup of solid wax equals to ½ cup of liquid wax.

Get your double boiler set up. When the water is boiling, place your wax on the double boiler. The only time that you need to begin stirring is when the wax starts to melt. You need to stir constantly once the wax becomes liquid.

Monitor the temperature of your wax using thermometer. A good temperature, depending on the type of wax that you are using, is 170-175°F.

Step 2 – Prepare Your Wicks

This step is quite easy. For this, you would need glue gun or heat gun and a glue stick. Melt the glue stick and add a dollop onto the metal disc of your pre-tabbed wick. Then secure it at the bottom center of your container.

If you don’t have either device, you can use a double sided tape instead. However, it works better for wicks without the metal discs.

Step 3 – Secure your Wick

When it’s time to secure your wick, you would need your candle wick holder, pencil or chopstick (the wooden disposable one that has not been separated). Make sure that your wick is straight and loop it around or insert it into the chopstick securely. Place the leftover wick in between the chopstick end and place the chopstick over the lip of your container.

Step 4 – Heat Your Container

This is where a heat gun comes in handy. If you don’t have a heat gun, you can simply pop your containers in the oven on the lowest or keep-warm settings. Your container should be heated to about 150°F. It is essential that the wax adheres well to the container. It also helps avoid the appearance of air pockets and bubbles. Make sure that you place your containers on a cookie sheet so you won’t have any problem while taking them out.

Step 5 – Pouring Your Wax

You might need to pour your wax twice but the initial pour would make up the most of your candle. Your liquid wax should be at 160°F for the initial pour. Fill the container up to the desired level slowly to prevent air pockets and bubbles from forming. Make sure that there is enough space between the topmost surface of the wax and the lip of the container.

Leave about 20% of the wax. Don’t empty it fully into all the containers. You want to save this for the second pour. You don’t need to return it to the heat source.

Step 6 – Cool Down Your Wax

It is imperative that this step is not fast tracked. Let your wax cool down on its own with no additional help from you. This would take long (around 5 to 6 hours) but the end result would be a better candle.

Step 7 – Get Ready for the Second Pour

Once your candles have cooled down, you may notice a little dipping in the middle of the candle. You can alleviate this with help of the second pour.

The wax needs to be reheated to the temperature of 185°F. You might notice that it’s higher than the initial pour but you’d need this so that the two waxes adhere better.

Pour a little amount to cover the dip and let the wax cool down again.

Step 8 – Trim and Decorate Your Container

Trim the wax and decorate your container with ribbons or your business tags.

Helpful Resources to Guide You

Starting out on your journey of candle making can be daunting at first but if you have the passion to go with it, you’d traverse any challenge that might come along the way.

It’s best to go on the candle making journey with the right knowledge and skills. You can do this by attending workshops if there are any near to you. If not, you can always go online and learn from candle making video tutorials or read up on articles about tips and tricks of candle making.

One resource that will be highly valuable to you as someone who wants to turn this interest into a personal hobby or a money-making business is Candle Making 4 You™. Here, you’ll get a complete guide on the whole candle making process and learn everything that you need to turn this hobby into a full blown business.

What’s in it for you?

  • You get to learn how to make different kinds of candles that are out there. These can include tealight candles, pillar candles, votive and many more. You’ll be shocked to know how many types of candles that you can actually make.
  • You’ll learn the secret to the best scented candles. Have you ever been turned off by a candle that just smelled too strong? Well, in Candle Making 4 You™, you get to learn the right blend to make beautifully scented candles that people would go crazy for.
  • Break your limits and learn to make massage and spa candles. These types of candles emanate a relaxing scent that is beneficial to your body and senses.
  • You also get to learn about the equipments that you’d need and how to get them at cheaper prices.
  • If you can’t seem to find the right mold, you can learn how to design your own molds.

You basically get to have the secrets of professional candle makers at the tip of your fingers. Talk about a rewarding experience!

Candle Making 4 You™ is also great for people who want to turn their hobby into a candle making business. You’ll be guided on how to:

  • Get started with a small candle making business.
  • Keep expenses down to make the best profit.
  • Balance cost and pricing strategies for maximized profits.
  • Speed up candle production while maintaining quality.
  • Beautifully package your candles to make them look aesthetically appealing.
  • Sell your candles in trade fares and stores.
  • Promote your candles without spending too much on marketing fees.

The candle making industry is a big one. In fact, in the U.S. alone, sales of candles are estimated to be at $2.3 billion annually from retail stores. Typical candle making businesses based at home earn around $30,000 to $40,000 a year. These are wonderful figures that you can have a share in.

Candle Making 4 You™ comes in a set that contains the following titles:

  • Candle Making Scents & Fragrances.
  • How to Make Custom Candle Molds.
  • Starting a Candle Making Business.
  • Candle Making Supplies – Wholesalers.

You also get bonuses with a purchase of Candle Making 4 You™. The titles in this bonus pack include:

  • The Expert Guide to Selling Candles on eBay.
  • Selling Candles in Crafts Fairs.
  • Hand Dipped Incense Sticks & Cones.
  • How to Make Soap.
  • How to Make Your Own Perfume.

There’s nothing that’s stopping you from pursuing your dream of developing your candle making hobby or starting a small candle making business. You just need to go for it.