Candle Making for Beginners – A Step by Step Guide

Candle Making for Beginners – A Step by Step Guide

So you’ve finally followed your heart to make candles of your own and now that you have the desire, you don’t know where to start. Questions – and a lot of them – may start to come to your mind and you might not find the answers to your questions without a little sleuthing around on the internet about candle making for beginners.

Candle Making 4 You™ can ease your anxieties about jumping on this project. Sure, you’re a beginner but with Candle Making 4 You™, you won’t remain one for long. You just might be churning out more and more candles either as a personal hobby or as a home-based business in no time. The choice is all yours.

However, let’s not get ahead of ourselves. In order to start making candles, you have to start with the wax.

Choosing the Wax for Your Candle

Candle making for beginners has become a lot easier over the centuries and nowadays people have many choices regarding what type of candles they can make. There are different kinds of waxes that you can use to make your candles.

The most commonly used ones are paraffin, soy wax, beeswax and gel wax. There are also waxes that are pre-formulated to suit the type of candle that you want to make; whether you want to make a pillar, votive, gel or container candle.

Deciding on the Type of Candle

Candles are works of art. It’s no wonder that these are displayed proudly in homes. Even if candles are just plain, when they are displayed in any part of the room, they provide the area with a sense of charm. When lit, they give a cozy and even romantic ambiance to the room.

When deciding what type of candle to make, you have basic choices such as votive candles, pillar candles, gel candles, scented candles and container candles. The easiest candle to make would have to be container candles because you use a mold and container holder.

Furthermore, your candle can be made with no additional steps.

Step 1 – Melting the Wax

Although this is a relatively easy step, you should not it take for granted. It’s best if you follow the necessary safety precautions while melting max. It is hot after all.

  • Keep a fire extinguisher within reach. Liquid wax behaves much like oil. When it gets on fire, it needs to be treated like oil fire. This means, never use water to extinguish fires that your liquid wax creates.
  • Don’t leave melting wax unattended. It may seem like a long time to melt the wax but when it does melt, the temperature rises very quickly. Monitor the temperature of your wax. It should not exceed 250°F.
  • Use only a double boiler setup while melting wax. This setup helps distribute the heat evenly and prevents your melting wax from reaching dangerous temperatures.
  • An electric heat source is better than flame. This is because when your molten wax reaches the flash point, the vapors it produces become highly flammable. Any flame that touches those vapors would result in a fire.
  • Always use the right kind of thermometer for heating wax. Don’t gauge the molten wax just with your eyes.

Step 2 – Prepare your Wicks

The best type of wicks that help you make candles are pre-tabbed ones. These are the wicks that have a metal disc at the bottom. The metal disc makes it easier for you to secure the wick on the bottom of your container. You can do this with a glue gun.

If you’re not using pre-tabbed wicks, you can simply use double sided tape. Make a knot at the end of your wick and press it securely onto the tape.

Once the wicks are secured, position them straight with the help of a pencil, chopstick or clip. While choosing a candle wick holder, you need one with the appropriate length so that it can rest on the lip of your chosen container. This would keep your wick straight, making it easier for you to pour your molten wax.

Step 3 – Preheating Your Container

Once your wax is liquefied to the proper temperature, you need to preheat your container. This step is important because it helps reduce the appearance of air bubbles and pockets and makes the adhesion between the container and wax secure.

You can do this using a heat gun. If you don’t have one, you can place your containers in the oven and turn it on with the lowest settings. Your containers should be preheated to a temperature of 150°F.

Step 4 – Initial Pour

There are two pours. The initial pour is used for the main pouring of your liquid wax. Your liquid wax should be at the temperature of around 160° F. Fill up your container to the desired level, making sure that there is enough space for the wick to stay even with the container closed.

Don’t empty your wax nor return it to the heat source. Save it up for the second pour.

Pour slowly to avoid air pockets and bubbles. Let it stand and cool down. This takes around 5 to 6 hours depending on how large your container candle is. Do not, by any means, make this step go any faster. Let it cool down on its own.

Step 5 – Second Pour

The second pour is necessary if the middle of the candle is sunken. If this is the case, reheat your remaining wax to a temperature higher than the initial pour at 185°F to facilitate better adhesion between the first and second pour.

Let the wax completely cool again.

Step 6 – Cut Your Wick

Cutting the wick is the easiest step of them all! Just make sure to cut it within ¼”.

This is a step by step guide for candle making for the beginners. You can learn more with the help of Candle Making 4 You™, especially if you want to take your skills to the next level.

 

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